Most countries have well-established mechanisms to pay for medical treatments. However, many innovations – telemedicine, use of community health workers and lower-cost versions of treatments – are inadequately reimbursed, if reimbursed at all. Payment systems are often slow to support new care models, and understandably so: additional payments for innovations create ﬁscal concerns; innovations may not be cost-effective unless integrated appropriately with other services; and existing insti-tutions may lack experience or clear authority to support new services. Accountable care can help to overcome such barriers.
Accountable care seeks to align health ﬁnancing and regulatory systems with person- centered care reforms and enable changing population health needs and oppor-tunities to be addressed at a lower cost. We deﬁne accountable care as a group of providers who are held jointly accountable for achieving a set of outcomes for a defined population over a period of time and for an agreed cost. Evidence suggests that adopt-ing accountable care through incremental policy changes or comprehensive payment reforms can reduce hospital re-admissions, emergency department use and overall spending. Accountable care can also increase patient satisfaction, improve chronic disease management and prevent costly complications.
However, to implement accountable care requires new organizational capabilities and professional expectations. Effective implementation is not only technical. It will involve putting into practice new performance measures and ﬁnancing models, but also steps to support healthcare organizations in managing change. Read the full report on the WISH site.